Compulsory education is highlighted in yellow. A credit system was established to quantify the amount of work needed by each course and exam (25 work hours = 1 credit), as well as enhance the possibility to change course of studies and facilitate the transfer of credits for further studies or go on exchange (e.g. Use our free search engine to find and compare online programs from top universities around the world. .quote-request-form-row { overflow: hidden; margin-top: 12px; } Student attendance is the responsibility of head teachers (direttore didattico) who are the equivalent of school principals in the United States. This law gave control of primary education to the single towns, of secondary education to the provinces, and the universities were managed by the State. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There are subjects taught in each of these, such as Italian, English, mathematics, history, but most subjects are peculiar to a particular type of course (i.e. Erasmus Programme) in another country. This act was issued in 1923, thus when Benito Mussolini and his National Fascist Party were in power. .quote-request-form-form legend { font-weight: bold; text-transform: uppercase; padding: 0 10px; } The aim of a master course is to reinforce, broaden and hone the skills and expertise of graduates and postgraduates, utilising and expanding upon previous training to meet the demands of the professional world. Italian universities are among the oldest universities in the world; the University of Bologna (founded in 1088) in particular, is the oldest one ever; also, University of Padua, founded in 1222, and University of Naples Federico II are the oldest universities in Europe. University education is composed of three levels. The constitution further states that the public schools are open to all and makes provision for scholarships and grants. The education system is divided into a number of stages: pre-school, primary school, lower and upper secondary school, and higher and further education. .rating-options { background-color: transparent !important; } At the third level, specialized courses of two to five years’ duration or doctorate courses lasting three to four years are offered. color: #ffffff; Accordingly they offer courses towards bachelors, 1- and 2-year masters degrees, and doctorates. education have increased a financial commitment to participate in the European education dimension. To someone familiar with both the Italian and the U.S. college systems, Italian grades are best translated into American grades (and vice versa) according to the following table: Scuola primaria, scuola secondaria di primo e secondo grado. cursor: pointer; Basic Italian educational principles are constitutionally founded and ensure free, compulsory educational opportunity for all children. Parents have the option of sending their children to school or providing compulsory education themselves or employing a tutor. This law gave control of primary education to the single towns, of secondary education to the provinces, and the universities were managed by the State. The Italian education system. .quote-request-form-head, .quote-request-form-body { padding: 15px; } width: 100%; The laurea (1st cycle degree) grants access to competitions for the Italian civil service, state-regulated and non-state-regulated professions, and to 2nd cycle degree courses. They last at least one year and involve the acquisition of at least 60 credits.The corresponding qualification does not give access to 2nd or 3rd cycles. Since 1999, the Italian university system has been reformed so as to meet the objectives of the "Bologna Process" and is now organised in 3 cycles: Laurea – Bachelor Degree (1st cycle academic degree), Laurea Magistrale – Master Degree ( 2nd cycle academic degree), Dottorato di ricerca – Ph.D. and Scuole di Specializzazione – Specialisation Courses  (3rd cycle). In fact, Giovanni Gentile was appointed the task of creating an education system deemed fit for the fascist system. Even with the Casati Act and compulsory education, in rural (and southern) areas children often were not sent to school (the rate of children enrolled in primary education would reach 90% only after 70 years) and the illiteracy rate (which was nearly 80% in 1861) took more than 50 years to halve. .quote-request-form .ui-btn-up-c { color: #666; } .rating-single div { margin-bottom: 5px; clear: both; } A limited number of programmes (dentistry, human medicine, pharmacy, veterinary, medicine, architecture, law), are defined One Cycle Degree Courses (one-block LM courses). The Casati Act made primary education compulsory, and had the goal of increasing literacy. At the first level, it takes between two and three years to gain a diploma. Higher education examinations are held after the teaching period and are mainly oral exams, meaning you’ll be tested through a one-on-one conversation with your professor. Use our search engine to find and compare top programs in Italy today! .quote-request-form label { font-size: 14px !important; font-weight: bold !important; margin-bottom: 4px; display: block; } The reform enhanced the role of the Liceo Classico, created by the Casati Act in 1859 (and intended during the Fascist era as the peak of secondary education, with the goal of forming the future upper classes), and created the Technical, Commercial and Industrial institutes and the Liceo Scientifico. The school community promotes and encourages initiatives to respect and protect the culture and language diversity and provides opportunities for intercultural experiences and activities. An increasing number of students participate in these programs throughout Europe. margin: .rating-single div { line-height: 21px; clear: both; } A Ministry of Public Instruction decree states that the study of other languages is essential for educational and professional development. The Liceo Classico was the only secondary school that gave access to all types of higher education until 1968. Unlike in North America or Northern Europe where discussion-based teaching is highly emphasized, the structure of the higher education system in Italy is more formal, and most teaching in Italy takes place in large lecture halls. At the beginning of the 21st century, more than one-third of the population had a high school diploma, about one-third had a junior high school diploma, and more than one-tenth had obtained a college degree. Master Degree courses last 2 years, and the Degree is awarded to students who have earned 120 credits; the defence of a thesis is required. do not have their own 'university status'). Even with the Casati Act and compulsory education, in rura… Their major tasks are scientific research and higher education. There are three types of high school, subsequently divided into further specialization. The mayor of each comune or township provides head teachers with lists of all children who, according to the General Registry Office, should be enrolled in school. .quote-request-form input[type=text], .quote-request-form input[type=email], .quote-request-form input[type=tel], .quote-request-form select, .quote-request-form textarea { width: 100% !important; } The nuovo ordinamento split the former Laurea into two tracks: the Laurea triennale (a three-year degree akin to the Bachelor's Degree), followed by the 2-year Laurea specialistica (Master's Degree), the latter renamed Laurea Magistrale in 2007. Find out more about what the country offers in terms of language, culture, and more! The Italian educational system provides nursery school for 3- to 5-year-olds; elementary school for 6- to 11-year-olds; lower secondary or middle school for 11- to 14-year-olds; upper secondary school or vocational training for 15- to 18- or 19-year-olds; and university, university institutes, or Fine Arts academies for those 19 and older. .quote-request-form input[type=checkbox], .quote-request-form input[type=radio] { float: left; margin-right: 5px; } Major reforms have taken place within the Italian school system to meet the needs of global education in the European Community and find educational compatibility within member nations. background-color: #d81b60 !important; All Rights Reserved .input-container div.ui-radio { margin-bottom: 5px; } }. color: #666666; They are aimed at guaranteeing students an adequate command of general scientific methods and contents as well as specific professional skills. Milan's Bocconi University has been ranked among the top 20 best business schools in the world by The Wall Street Journal international rankings, especially thanks to its M.B.A. program, which in 2007 placed it no. Subscribe to the newsletter to get our monthly newsletter and news about scholarships, competitions, and more! Previous specific curricula in the Bachelor's degree are required for admission. Terms of Use, Italy - Constitutional Legal Foundations, Education Encyclopedia -, Italy - History Background, Constitutional Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Preprimary Primary Education, Secondary Education.

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